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Where We Work
Not only is Pune one of the fastest growing cities in India (grown by 62.8 percent between 1991 and 2001), but its slum population is increasing rapidly as well. From 2001-2007, Pune’s slum population increased by 176 percent to over 1 million people. While residents in Pune’s 564 slums generally enjoy a better standard of living than in Bangalore and Nagpur, and many have access to water supply, streetlights, schools and primary health care, overall service delivery has not kept pace with slum residents’ growing needs. The urban community department of the local government has an organized social service sector delivery model that serves a third of its urban poor, and is one of the reasons that CHF is working in Pune.
Roughly 40 percent or nearly 1 million of Nagpur’s population of 2.42 million people live in the city’s 427 slums, making it India’s fourth largest city in terms of slum population. Urban services are generally inadequate in Nagpur, with water only available four hours per day, and only 40 percent of the city served by a sewer system. Much of the city’s human waste flows through open drains, frequently choking manholes. Nagpur benefited from a $350 million drive in 2002 to widen and upgrade roads within the city with the aim of maximizing road utilization, an effort that is making the city “accessible” for both the poor and the rich.
India’s third most populous city after Mumbai and Delhi, about 20 percent (1.25 million) of Bangalore’s 6.2 million residents live in 542 slums. Within the slums, over 50 percent of the population lacks latrines or proper drainage, there are higher infant mortality rates, and school drop-out rates are particularly high, especially for girls. Owing to its weather, location, and its attractiveness as India’s technological hub, the city continues to experience in-migration from other parts of the country (and world). The mere size of its upper middle class has been the reason for its resilience in the face of the recent economic slowdown.