SPARC/MM (Bangalore)

SPARC/MM (Bangalore)

CHF was invited by the Bruhath Bengaluru Mahanagar Palike (BBMP) to assist its department improving Bangalore’s slums to by helping implement slum redevelopment projects. The situation required CHF to assist in implementing a slum redevelopment program  which provides subsidized housing for about 1,174 residents of 13 slums. Unlike the efforts in Nagpur and Pune where CHF and its partners played an active role in the design of the program, the primary challenge of this project has been to gain community support in a project that was conceived by external consultants with minimal community consultation. CHF partnered with SPARC and its people’s movement partners, Mahila Milan and the National Slum Dwellers Federation (NSDF), to remedy this. The intervention was designed to develop a sustainable relationship between the city and its poor in order to deliver housing and basic services with funding from JnNURM.

Mahila Milan has played a critical role in mobilizing residents, working to resolve the challenges involved with getting community consent for upgrading or relocation, verifying beneficiaries, arranging for temporary residence shelters during construction, and starting a savings group for residents to help them meet their contributions for the new housing. Similar to CHF’s efforts with partners in Nagpur, Mahila Milan is also helping the government verify 100 percent of beneficiaries by collecting key household information and distributing biometric identification cards.

The lack of community engagement by the government at the initial stages of planning became a challenge as many residents voiced opposition to the proposed plans. CHF and Mahila Milan developed a work plan to retroactively gain community buy in.

While the construction phase of the project implementation is in progress, MM is currently working on mobilizing participating households on issues related to setting up cooperatives to ensure that the new homes are occupied by the preselected beneficiaries. The cooperative framework will ensure issues related to maintenance and the upkeep of the refurbished communities are resolved.

CHF/MM is also conducting a city-wide slum settlement survey and developing city-level slum upgrading strategies to ensure that Bangalore continues its efforts of improving slum communities even after the life of JnNURM. Unlike most cities, the local government of Bangalore has resources to sustain its efforts, but the elected and bureaucratic leadership lack willingness to ensure that the efforts focusing on the urban poor are sustained.

Current Impact


8 Slums have given consent to participate in Housing projects
283 Housing Unit Under Construction or Completed; 348 Additional Housing Unit in Project Pipeline for Construction
1,415 Residents Directly Benefiting from New Housing; 1,740 Additional Residents Slated to Benefit from New Housing In Pipeline
11 Self Help Groups Established and Approximately $10,000 In Savings collected
220 Slum Settlement Surveys Complete and Mapped in GIS


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